Wnt, hedgehog and snail: Sister pathways that control by GSK-3β and β-Trcp in the regulation of metastasis

Binhua P. Zhou, Mien Chie Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition has begun to attract attention as a potential mechanism for metastasis. The phenotypic changes of increased motility and invasiveness of cancer cells are reminiscent of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that associates with the downregulation of E-cadherin. Snail, a zinc finger transcription factor, triggers this process by repressing E-cadherin expression. Recently Snail was found to be dually regulated by GSK-3β through protein stability and cellular localization. The involvement of GSK-3β and β-Trcp in the regulation of Snail is particular interesting because these two molecules are also known to involve the regulation of Wnt and hedgehog pathways that are known to control cell fate and morphogenesis during development and tumorigenesis. Here, we briefly compare these pathways and propose the possibility of cross-talk between them in the regulation of cell adhesion, cell fate, and migration during metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)772-776
Number of pages5
JournalCell Cycle
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • EMT
  • GSK-3β
  • Hedgehog
  • LIV-1
  • Snail
  • Wnt
  • β-Catenin
  • β-Trcp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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