Women and acquired preparedness: Personality and learning implications for alcohol use

Kristen G. Anderson, Gregory T. Smith, Sarah F. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose of this study was to begin the process of examining the validity of the acquired preparedness model of alcohol use for women. The model holds that trait disinhibition influences the formation of alcohol expectancies, which then influence drinking levels. Method: College women (N = 290) completed measures of trait disinhibition, positive and negative expectancies for alcohol and drinking measures. Results: Using structural equation modeling, support was found for the hypothesized processes. Cross-sectional analyses were consistent with two hypothesized mediational pathways: disinhibition was associated with increased positive alcohol expectancies and decreased negative alcohol expectancies; both higher positive and lower negative alcohol expectancies correlated with drinking; and disinhibition's association with drinking was significantly reduced when each type of expectancy was added to a prediction model. Conclusions: Cross-sectional support for this causal model indicates the value of testing it further with longitudinal trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-392
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Women and acquired preparedness: Personality and learning implications for alcohol use'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this