Wood bioenergy for rural energy resilience: Suitable site selection and potential economic impacts in Appalachian Kentucky

Kenton Sena, Thomas O. Ochuodho, Domena A. Agyeman, Marco Contreras, Chad Niman, Dan Eaton, Jian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Improving energy resilience, especially for rural communities, is a political, economic, and ecological priority, involving shifting energy portfolios away from fossil fuel dominance, reducing the environmental footprint of energy production and transmission, and localizing production and supply systems. In the Appalachian region, bioenergy systems, especially those involving woody biomass, may be key to improving energy resilience. However, because of its low population density and rugged topography, the region presents challenges to implementing biomass-based energy systems. This study was designed to identify critical infrastructure sites in Appalachian Kentucky with sufficient regional woody biomass supply to support reliable electricity generation. First, spatial analysis prioritized optimal biomass transportation distance, identifying 19 critical infrastructure sites in a region with feedstock supply suitable for a 100kWh unit, 4 of which were suitable for a 2MWh production unit. Second, economic analysis suggests that implementation of a woody biomass-based energy system in this region could have overall positive economic impacts. Future studies should elucidate in greater detail the local and regional economic impacts at each candidate site identified in this analysis, considering additional costs such as start-up and maintenance, and theoretical policy and incentive frameworks such as carbon emissions targets and subsidies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102847
JournalForest Policy and Economics
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Dheeraj Betha and Jordan George, who provided invaluable assistance in distance estimation calculations and web design. This research was funded by the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC) State Wood Energy Team (SWET) , grant # 1900003177 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Forest products
  • Forestry
  • Residuals
  • Timber
  • Woody biomass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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