Functional effects of Arg228Gln and Val2343Leu XPA polymorphisms on benzo[a]pyrene-r-7,t-8-dihydrodiol-t-9,10-epoxide-(±)-anti (BPDE) survival and repair were investigated in SV40 immortalized XP12RO cells complemented with wild type and polymorphic XPA cDNAs in an inducible cDNA expression system. In contrast to previous studies showing little impact of XPA polymorphisms on UV survival and repair, cells complemented with polymorphic XPAs displayed improved BPDE survival and repair as compared to wild type XPA-complemented cells. Survival after BPDE treatment was measured using AlamarBlue reduction and colony forming ability. Cells expressing low levels of either polymorphic XPA had equivalent or improved survival compared to wild type XPA-complemented cells (XPAwt cells). XPA induction improved BPDE survival in Arg228Gln (R228Q cells) and Val234Leu (V234L cells) complemented cells, but not XPAwt cells. BPDE-induced DNA damage repair was measured both by reactivation after transfection of a luciferase reporter plasmid reacted with BPDE in vitro, and by removal of adducts from genomic DNA of BPDE-treated cells. BPDE-induced DNA damage repair in R228Q and V234L cells expressing XPA at very low levels was similar to repair in XPAwt cells expressing XPA at normal levels. XPA induction improved repair in R228Q and V234L cells but not in XPAwt cells. Our findings suggest that both Arg228Gln and Val234Leu XPAs function better than wild type XPA for BPDE adduct removal. These observations differ from UV repair results suggesting that the differences are lesion specific. The location of the polymorphisms within the putative poly(ADP-ribose) binding domain suggests that poly(ADP-ribose) interaction is important in repair.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Mar 2 2005|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Kentucky Research Challenge Trust Fund, Kentucky EPSCoR, Markey Cancer Center, and USPHS grants ES06460 and ES011314. PCP was supported by pre-doctoral fellowships from the University of Louisville Center for Genetics and Molecular Medicine and Center for Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences.
- DNA repair
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology