Yields and disease resistance of fall-harvested transgenic and conventional summer squash in Kentucky

Brent Rowell, William Nesmith, John C. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Virus and fungal disease pressures limit fall production of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) in Kentucky. Twenty-five summer squash cultivars (nine zucchini, eight yellow straightneck, and eight yellow crookneck entries) were evaluated for marketable yield, appearance, and disease resistance in a late summer planting. Genetically engineered virus-resistant materials and new conventionally bred resistant or tolerant cultivars were compared with popular susceptible hybrids. Virus incidence was determined visually before and after final harvest and was also determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) was most frequently detected and appeared to have caused most of the observed symptoms. Conventionally bred cultivars containing the precocious yellow gene and two transgenic lines were in the highest yielding group of yellow straightneck squash despite high virus incidence in precocious yellow cultivars. Among yellow crooknecks, transgenic cultivars were clearly superior for disease resistance and yields. Conventionally bred cultivars with virus tolerance were among the highest yielding zucchini types. Most transgenics were superior to their nontransformed equivalent cultivars for virus resistance and yield. Cultivars and breeding lines varied considerably in color, shape, and overall appearance. ELISA results revealed that some (but not all) transgenic cultivars tested positive for the coat protein corresponding to the virus resistance present in that cultivar. Also, mild virus-like symptoms were observed in transgenic squash plants after the conclusion of harvest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-288
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Biotechnology
  • Coat protein
  • Cucurbita pepo
  • Downy mildew
  • Erysiphe cichoracearum
  • Papaya ringspot virus
  • Powdery mildew
  • Precocious yellow
  • Pseudoperonospora cubensis
  • Sphaerotheca fuliginea
  • Watermelon mosaic virus
  • Yellow squash
  • Zucchini
  • Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture


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