Although encouragement is a prevalent means of social support in everyday life, the empirical study of encouragement interventions has been sparse. Therefore, in this study, the authors evaluated an encouragement letter writing intervention. Participants were 140 (70 pairs of) doctoral advisors and their female advisees in Ph.D. psychology programs. Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental condition (advisors wrote and emailed a letter of encouragement to their advisees concerning their research potential) or a control condition (advisors wrote but did not send their letter of encouragement). About one month later, advisees in the experimental condition reported a greater increase in the advisor-advisee rapport (ηp2 =.12), interest in conducting research (ηp2 =.06), and interest in being a professor at a research-intensive university (ηp2 =.06) than those in the control condition. The advisor-advisee rapport, but not advisees’ relation-inferred self-efficacy, mediated the positive effects of the encouragement letter.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Positive Psychology|
|State||Published - Jul 3 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Support for this study was provided by a grant awarded by the Institute for Advanced Study at Indiana University to the first author.
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
- positive psychology interventions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychology (all)